Acne and its relationship to the menstrual cycle in women
What is the relationship between acne and menstruation
Many annoying and tiring symptoms for women appear during the menstrual cycle, including: flatulence, pain and cramps, headache, mood swings, the appearance of acne and others, and red pimples appear on the face by 63% in the skin of women prone to acne, and these appear Pimples are about a week before the menstrual cycle, and then begin to recede after menstruation.
Acne and menstruation:
The main reason for the emergence of acne and its association with the menstrual cycle in women, is the different hormonal fluctuations as the woman’s body is exposed during the menstrual cycle to many daily hormonal changes, as estrogen levels rise in the first half of the menstrual cycle, and the second half of it increases the hormone progesterone, Then both estrogen and progesterone begin to drop to their lowest levels during the month when menstruation begins.
It is mentioned that the testosterone hormone remains at a constant level throughout the month, which means that with a higher rate of female hormones before and during menstruation, and thus a woman’s body is exposed to many hormonal changes during this period, which leads to her exposure to many effects that may be reflected on a woman’s skin.
Also, a rise in the middle of the menstrual cycle stimulates the production of sebum, which is a thick oily substance that moisturizes the skin, and with the high level of this hormone the skin swells, which leads to pressure on the pores to get smaller significantly, which increases the secretion of sebum below the surface of the skin, in addition to the rise of the hormone Testosterone during this period, which also increases the activity of the sebaceous glands to secrete more sebum, the effect of women with increased sebum secretion differs between healthy hydration for some, while it causes chronic greasy spots in others, in addition to this because fats create a nutritional environment for the bacteria that cause acne, which leads To increase pimples and inflammation of those pimples at the time of the menstrual cycle.
It is not possible to change the hormonal system in a woman’s body during the menstrual cycle, but there are some tips that women can follow during this period in order to avoid the exacerbation of pimples and its inflammation, as a woman must increase care of her skin during the menstrual cycle in order to reduce the accumulated external fat that may be exposed to pollution and then For bacteria.
Treating menstrual acne:
Reducing pimples and acne during the menstrual cycle may require hormonal intervention to control the level of hormones, which is what is done under the supervision of a doctor, which is represented in several ways:
Contraceptive pills: They may be effective when there is a clear link between acne and menstruation, as any factor that increases the level of the estrogen hormone will reduce the effect of the testosterone hormone in the woman, and the pills increase the protein globin binding to the sex hormone in The blood, which in turn absorbs the free testosterone hormone into the blood, thus reducing the available percentage of it to form acne.
The contraceptive pill also works by inhibiting the speed of fat production, so some types of birth control pills have been proven effective in treating pimples, such as Yaz, Ortho Tri-cyclen, but the body’s response to hormonal treatment with birth control pills takes some time to give the desired results in calming acne. .
– Spironolactone pills: Spironolactone pills reduce the level of the testosterone hormone in the absence of response to treatment using the contraceptive pill, as the drug works to reduce the percentage of fat produced by the testosterone hormone in the skin, but it has many side effects such as headache, feeling tired, irregularity Menstrual cycle, with breast sensitivity and pain.
Losing excess weight: Obesity reduces the proportion of protein globulin that binds to the sex hormone, which leads to an increase in testosterone and an increase in acne, so women are advised to follow a healthy diet and maintain an ideal weight to reduce the appearance of acne and pimples when the menstrual cycle approaches.
Other treatments to relieve acne during your period:
* Topical creams: such as creams containing vitamin A, benzyl peroxide cream, and antibiotic creams.
* Antibiotics: The use of low-dose antibiotics such as tetracycline, which are prescribed for use several days before the menstrual period.
* Roactan: In case of failure to respond to previous treatments or when acne is with sebaceous cysts, the drug Roactan is prescribed.
* Corticosteroids: The doctor may also resort to some other treatments in the dermatology clinic, such as cortisone injections.
* Chemical peeling.